This site is maintained by the Legislation Committee of the Music Library Association (MLA) as a resource for anyone interested in issues of copyright as they apply to the fields of music and music librarianship.
05 June 2012 - More News in the Georgia State E-Reserves Case
The Georgia State case now moves into the remedies phase.
Kevin Smith provides a helpful summary of the plaintiffs' proposed injunction. The plaintiffs seek to enjoin GSU from using without permission any excerpted materials from the publishers unless they met every single one of the four factors of fair use in a very specific manner. For instance: GSU would only be able to use the lesser of a single chapter or 10% of a book; they would not be able to use the heart of the work as an excerpt; and GSU would need to determine whether there was a license available for using the excerpt through the Copyright Clearance Center or directly through the publishers. The most controversial item in the plaintiffs' proposed injunction would allow the publishers access to GSU's course management system so that they would be able to ensure compliance.
According to Judge Evans' order, GSU has fifteen days to respond to the publishers' proposed injunction.
12 May 2012 - Decision Issued for Georgia State E-Reserves Case
A verdict was issued in the Georgia State case yesterday evening.
For a helpful summary and analysis of the case, please visit the most recent posting on Kevin Smith's blog, Scholarly Communications @ Duke: "The GSU Decision-- Not an Easy Road For Anyone"
Please click below to access the full text of the case:
02 February 2012 - U.S. Copyright Office Issues Report on Pre-1972 Sound Recordings
On December 28th 2011 the U.S. Copyright Office released its report on potentially placing pre-1972 sound recordings under federal copyright protection.
To summarize, the Copyright Office recommends federal copyright protection for pre-1972 sound recordings with provisions mainly pertaining to length of copyright protection and issues of copyright ownership.
For further reading:
1. Michael Kelley's Copyright and Fair Use column in Library Journal
2. Joan Cheverie's blog post from Educause
02 February 2012 - U.S. Supreme Court Decision for Golan v. Holder
On January 18th, 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court issued their decision against the plaintiffs in Golan v. Holder. Justice Ginsberg wrote the decision for the 6-2 majority. Justices Alito and Breyer dissented; Justice Kagan recused herself from the case.
To summarize the opinion, the majority states that Congress does have the authority to reinstate copyright in public domain works.
For further reading on this decision please consult:
1. Kevin Smith's post on the Scholarly Communications Blog at Duke University
2. Jeffrey R. Young's Technology column from the Chronicle of Higher Education
3. David Rapp's Copyright and Fair Use column from Library Journal
4. Lyle Denniston's analysis on SCOTUSblog
20 November 2011 - News on Two Cases of Importance to Libraries
Here is an update on the AIME v UCLA case as well as some news on another case of relevance to libraries.
1. On October 3rd, 2011, a federal judge dismissed the AIME v. UCLA case. The two main reasons for the dismissal of the case were: 1. AIME failed to prove that UCLA waived its state sovereign immunity through signing a license agreement, and 2. AIME lacks associational standing to sue for copyright infringement. AIME was given two weeks to refile the case and they have since done so.
For further reading on the case, please consult the following:
University of Maryland's Center for Intellectual Property Scholar, Peggy Hoon, gives an explanation of associational standing on the Collectanea Blog.
HathiTrust is a group of university and research libraries that initially participated in the Google Books scanning project and are now collaborating on other digitization efforts. Last summer, HathiTrust posted a list of digitized orphan works that it would make available on a limited basis to logged-in institutional users only after a thorough search determined that a copyright holder could not be identified. HathiTrust posted these orphan works with the proviso that if a copyright holder did come forward then the works would be removed.
The Authors Guild's complaint does not seek monetary damages, but wishes to enjoin HathiTrust from proceeding with the Orphan Works Project as well as to impound nearly seven million files.
For further reading on this case, please consult ARL's "Authors Guild v. HathiTrust et. al. Resources."